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plus two biology notes-Transport in plants

Top 10 most important topics of sslc biology chapter 1

Generic Preventive Measures

The generic preventive measures include simple public health measures that are to be followed to reduce the risk of COVID-19. These measures need to be observed by all (teachers, employees and students) in these places at all times.These include:

  • Use of face covers/masks to be made mandatory
  • Physical distancing of at least 6 feet to be followed as far as feasible
  • Frequent hand washing with soap (for at least 40-60 seconds) even when hands are not visibly dirty.
  • Use of alcohol-based hand sanitizers (for at least 20 seconds) can be done wherever feasible.
  • . Respiratory etiquettes to be strictly followed. This involves strict practice of covering one’s mouth and nose while coughing/sneezing with a tissue/handkerchief/flexed elbow and disposing off used tissues properly.
  • Self-monitoring of health by all and reporting any illness at the earliest.
  • Spitting shall be strictly prohibited.

All schools (with classes IX to XII) shall specifically ensure the following arrangements

  • Online/distance learning shall continue to be permitted and shall be encouraged.
  • Students of class 9th to 12th shall be permitted to visit their school on voluntary basis for taking guidance from their teachers. This will be subject to written consent of their parents/guardians. Such visits and teacher – student interaction must be organized in a staggered manner.

After opening of the schools a) At the entry point

  • Entrance to have mandatory hand hygiene (sanitizer dispenser) and thermal screening provisions. Multiple gates/separate gates, if feasible, should be used for entry and exit.
  • Only asymptomatic persons (teachers, employees and students) to be allowed in the premises. If a teacher/employee/student is found to be symptomatic, he/she should be referred to nearest health center.
  • Posters/standees on preventive measures about COVID-19 to be displayed prominently.
  • Proper crowd management in the parking lots, in corridors and in elevators – duly following physical distancing norms shall be organized.
  • Entry of visitors should be strictly regulated/restricted.

b) Conduct of guidance activities in the rooms or open spaces within the school campus

  • Seating arrangement to ensure a distance of 6 feet between chairs, desks etc.
  • Staggering of guidance activities to be done, with separate timing slots, to allow for adequate physical distancing and disinfection of classroom premises
  • The teaching faculty will ensure that they themselves and students wear masks throughout the conduct of the teaching/guidance activities.
  • Sharing of items like notebook, pens/pencil, eraser, water bottle etc. amongst students should not be allowed.

c) Conduct of skill based training in workshops/laboratories

  • i. For practical activities in laboratories maximum capacity per session based on redesigned spaces,
  • may be planned and scheduled accordingly.
  • ii. Ensure that the equipments have been disinfected, particularly the frequently touched surfaces
  • before and after each use.
  • iii. Ensure a floor area of 4m2 per person is available for working on equipment/work station.
  • iv. Ensure that members sanitize their hands before and after using training equipment. For such
  • purpose hand sanitizer should be provided at workstations/simulation labs etc.

d) Activities in common areas – library, mess/canteen, common rooms, gymnasium etc.

i. Physical distancing of 6 feet needs to be maintained
ii. Persons using the common areas need to use mask/face cover all the time
iii. Cafeteria/mess facility, if any within the premises, shall remain closed.

e) Transportation to and from the institution

If transportation facility is being managed by the school, proper physical distancing, sanitization of buses/other transport vehicles (with 1% sodium hypochlorite) shall be ensured.

Hygiene and Sanitation

  • Daily cleaning of the floors shall be taken up.
  • Provision of soap in toilets and hand sanitizers in other common areas in sufficient quantity must be ensured.
  • Cleaning and regular disinfection (using 1% sodium hypochlorite) of frequently touched surfaces (door knobs, elevator buttons, hand rails, chairs, benches, washroom fixtures, etc.) to be made
  • mandatory in all class rooms, laboratories, lockers, parking areas, other common areas etc. before beginning of classes and at the end of the day.
  • Teaching materials, computers, laptops, printers, shall be disinfected with 70% alcohol wipes.
  • Deep cleaning of all drinking and hand washing stations, washrooms and lavatories shall be
  • Students and employee should be advised to dispose of used face covers / masks in separate covered bins placed in classrooms, work stations and other common areas. The same may remain stored in the bins for 3 days and disposed of as dry general solid waste after cutting/shredding.
  • Students should not be involved in any of the cleaning activities for health safety reasons.
  • Risk Communication
    i. Create awareness to ensure the students do not gather when leaving the school and in their free time.
    ii. Sensitize students, parents, teachers and employees to create awareness on COVID appropriate behavior, as detailed under generic measures above.
    iii. If a student, teacher or employee is sick, they should not come to the school and follow necessary protocols in this regard.
  • Psycho-social wellbeing
    i. Ensure regular counselling is done for students and teachers reporting mental health issues such as anxiety and depression.
    ii. It is advisable that teachers, school counsellors and school health workers should work in unison to ensure emotional safety of the students.
  • SOP to be followed in case a student/teacher/employee develops symptoms (fever, cough,
    difficulty in breathing)
    i. Place the ill person in a room or area where they are isolated from others.
    ii. Inform parents/guardians as the case may be.
    iii. Patient will remain isolated while wearing a mask/face cover till such time they are examined by a doctor.
    iv. Immediately inform the nearest medical facility (hospital/clinic) or call the state or district helpline.
    v. A risk assessment shall be undertaken by the designated public health authority (district RRT/treating physician) and accordingly further action be initiated regarding management of case, their contacts and need for disinfection.
    vi. Disinfection of the premises to be taken up if the person is found positive

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