1. Linnaeus system of classification is? [1999]
    (a) Natural (b) Artificial
    (c) Phylogenetic (d) Progressive
  2. The basic unit of classification is [2000]
    (a) genus (b) species
    (c) variety (d) subspecies
  3. Binomial nomenclature was introduced by
    (a) Linnaeus
    (b) Darwin
    (c) Bentham and Hooker
    (d) Aristotle
  4. The usage of binomial names, for plant species
    was accepted by all after the publication of the work by [2001]
    (a) Hooker (b) Linnaeus
    (c) Bentham (d) Darwin
  5. Which one of the following is correctly matched
    regarding an Institute and its location? [2004]
    (a) National Institute of Virology – Pune
    (b) National Institute of Communicable disease Lucknow
    (c) Central Drug Research Institute – Kasauli
    (d) National Institute of Nutrition – Mumbai
  6. “Ordines Anomali” of Bentham and Hooker
    includes [2006]
    (a) seed plants showing abnormal forms of
    growth and development.
    (b) plants represented only in fossil state.
    (c) plants described in the literature but which
    Bentham and Hooker did not see in original.
    (d) a few orders which could not be placed
    satisfactory in the classification.
  7. The classification of Linnaeus was mainly based
    on [2012]
    (a) Sepals (b) Carpels
    (c) Petals (d) Stamens
  8. Which of the following is less general in
    characters as compared to genus? [2013]
    (a) Species (b) Division
    (c) Class (d) Family
  9. The label of a herbarium sheet does not carry information on

    (a) date of collection (b) name of collector(c) local names (d) height of the plant
  10. Match column I with column II for housefly
    classification and select the correct option using the codes given below,

    Column I Column II
    A. Family (i) Diptera
    B. Order (ii) Arthropoda
    Cc. Class (iii) Muscidae
    D. Phylum (iv) Insecta
    (a) A-(iii), B-(i), C-(iv), D-(ii)
    (b) A-(iii), B-(ii), C-(iv), D-(i)
    (c) A-(iv), B-(iii), C-Gi), D-@)
    (d) A-(iv), B-(i), C-(i), D-(iii)

    (NEET-II 2016)
  11. Study the four statements (A-D) given below and select the two correct ones out of them.

    A. Definition of biological species was given by Ernst Mayr.

    B. Photoperiod does not affect reproduction in

    C. Binomial nomenclature system was given
    by R.H. Whittaker.

    D. In unicellular organisms, reproduction is synonymous with growth,

    The two correct statements are

    (a) Band C (b) CandD
    (c) AandD (d) Aand B.
    (NEET-II 2016)
  12. Nomenclature is governed by certain universal tules. Which one of the following is contrary to

    the rules of nomenclature?

    (a) The names are written in Latin and are

    (b) When written by hand the names are to be

    (c) Biological names can be written in any

    (d) The first word in a biological name
    represents the genus name and the second
    is a specific epithet.

    (NEET-I 2016)
  13. Which one of the following is not a correct statement?

    (a) A museum has collection of photographs of
    plants and animals.

    (b) Key is a taxonomic aid for identification of

    (c) Herbarium houses dried, pressed and
    preserved plant specimens.

    (d) Botanical gardens have collection of living
    plants for reference.

    (NEET 2013)
  14. The common characteristics between tomato and potato will be maximum at the level of their

    (a) family (b) order
    (c) division (d) genus.
    (Karnataka NEET 2013)
  15. Which one of the following organisms is scientifically correctly named, correctly printed according to the International Rules of Nomenclature and correctly described?

    (a) Musca domestica – the common house lizard, a reptile

    (b) Plasmodium falciparum – a protozoan pathogen causing the most serious type of

    (c) Felis tigris – the Indian tiger, well protected
    in Gir forests.

    (d) E.coli – full name Entamoeba coli, a commonly occurring bacterium in human

    (Mains 2012)
  16. Which one of the following animals is correctly matched with its particular taxonomic category?
    (a) Tiger – Tigris, species

    (b) Cuttlefish – mollusca, class

    (c) Humans – primata, family

    (d) Housefly – Musca, order (2011)
  17. Which one of the following aspects is an exclusive characteristic of living things?

    (a) Isolated metabolic reactions occur in vitro

    (b) Increase in mass from inside only

    (c) Perception of events happening in the
    environment and their memory.

    (d) Increase in mass by accumulation of
    material both on surface as well as

    (Mains 2011)
  18. ICBN stands for

    (a) International Code of Botanical Nomencla-

    (b) International Congress of Biological Names

    (c) Indian Code of Botanical Nomenclature

    (d) Indian Congress of Biological Names.

  19. The living organisms can be unexceptionally distinguished from the non-living things on the basis of their ability for

    (a) interaction with the environment and
    progressive evolution

    (b) reproduction

    (c) growth and movement

    (d) responsiveness to touch. 2007)
  20. One of the most important functions of botanical gardens is that

    (a) they provide a beautiful area for recreation
    (b) one can observe tropical plants there

    (c) they allow ex situ conservation of germ-

    (d) they provide the natural habitat for wild
    life, (2005)
  21. Species are considered as

    (a) real basic units of classification

    (b) the lowest units of classification

    (c) artificial concept of human mind which cannot be defined in absolute terms.

    (d) real units of classification devised by taxonomists. (2003)
  22. Biosystematics aims at

    (a) the classification of organisms based on broad morphological characters delimiting various taxa of organisms and establishing their relationships

    (c) the classification of organisms based on
    their evolutionary history and establishing
    their phylogeny on the totality of various.
    parameters from all fields of studies
    identification and arrangement of organisms
    on the basis of their cytological
    characteristics. (2003)
  23. Which of the following is less general in characters as compared to genus?
    (a) Species (b) Division
    (c) Class (d) Family — (2001)
  24. The book ‘Genera Plantarum’ was written by
    (a) Engler and Prantl
    (b) Bentham and Hooker
    (c) Bessey(d) Hutchinson.
  25. ‘Taxon’ is the unit of a group of

    (a) order (b) taxonomy

    (c) species (d) genes. (1996)
  26. Linnaeus is credited with

    (a) binomial nomenclature

    (b) theory of biogenesis

    (c) discovery of microscope

    (d) discovery of blood circulation. (1993)
  27. Sequence of taxonomic categories is

    (a) class—phylum-tribe—order—family~genus—species

    (b) division-class—family-tribe-order-genus—


    (d)_phylum-order-class-tribe-family-genus—species. (1992)
  28. The term phylum was given by

    (a) Cuvier (b) Haeckel

    (c) Theophrastus (d)_Linnaeus. (1992)
  29. A group of plants or animals with similar traits
    of any rank is
    (a) species (b) genus
    (c) order (d) taxon.
    (1992, 1991)
  30. A taxon is
    (a) a group of related families
    (b) a group of related species
    (c) a type of living organisms
    (d) a taxonomic group of any ranking.
    (1992, 1990)
  31. Basic unit or smallest taxon of taxonomy classification is

    (a) species (b) kingdom

    (c) family (d) variety. (1990)
  32. Linnaeus evolved a system of nomenclature

    (a) mononomial (b) vernacular

    (c) binomial (d) polynomial.
  33. The term “New Systematics” was introduced by

    (a) Bentham and Hooker

    (b) Linnaeus

    (c) Julian Huxley

    (d) A.P. de Candolle. (
  34. Static concept of species was put forwad

    (a) de Candolle (b) Linnaeu(c) Theophrastus (d) Darwin.

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